Uses the univariate variance estimates computed from the samples of X and Y. This turns out to be the standardized first principal component. This option is not a good choice in a measurement systems application since the error variances are not likely to be proportional to the population variances.

Uses 1 as the variance ratio, which assumes that the error variances are the same. Using equal variances is equivalent to the non-standardized first principal component line. Suppose that the scatterplot is scaled the same in the X and Y directions. When you show a normal density ellipse, you see that this line is the longest axis of the ellipse.

Uses a variance ratio of zero, which indicates that Y effectively has no variance.