JMP 13.2 Online Documentation (English)
Discovering JMP
Using JMP
Basic Analysis
Essential Graphing
Profilers
Design of Experiments Guide
Fitting Linear Models
Predictive and Specialized Modeling
Multivariate Methods
Quality and Process Methods
Reliability and Survival Methods
Consumer Research
Scripting Guide
JSL Syntax Reference
JMP iPad Help
JMP Interactive HTML
Capabilities Index
JMP 12 Online Documentation
Multivariate Methods
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Partial Least Squares Models
• Overview of the Partial Least Squares Platform
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Overview of the Partial Least Squares Platform
In contrast to ordinary least squares, PLS can be used when the predictors outnumber the observations. PLS is used widely in modeling high-dimensional data in areas such as spectroscopy, chemometrics, genomics, psychology, education, economics, political science, and environmental science.
The PLS approach to model fitting is particularly useful when there are more explanatory variables than observations or when the explanatory variables are highly correlated. You can use PLS to fit a single model to several responses simultaneously. See Garthwaite (1994), Wold (1995), Wold et al. (2001), Eriksson et al. (2006), and Cox and Gaudard (2013).
Two model fitting algorithms are available: nonlinear iterative partial least squares (NIPALS) and a “statistically inspired modification of PLS” (SIMPLS). (For NIPALS, see Wold, H., 1980; for SIMPLS, see De Jong, 1993. For a description of both methods, see Boulesteix and Strimmer, 2007). The SIMPLS algorithm was developed with the goal of solving a specific optimality problem. For a single response, both methods give the same model. For multiple responses, there are slight differences.
In JMP, the PLS platform is accessible only through Analyze > Multivariate Methods > Partial Least Squares. In JMP Pro, you can also access the Partial Least Squares personality through Analyze > Fit Model.
In JMP Pro, you can do the following:
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Conduct PLS-DA (PLS discriminant analysis) by fitting responses with a nominal modeling type, using the Partial Least Squares personality in Fit Model.
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Fit polynomial, interaction, and categorical effects, using the Partial Least Squares personality in Fit Model.
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Select among several validation and cross validation methods.
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Impute missing data.
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Obtain bootstrap estimates of the distributions of various statistics. Right-click in the report of interest. For more details, see the
Basic Analysis
book.
Partial Least Squares uses the van der Voet T
2
test and cross validation to help you choose the optimal number of factors to extract.
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In JMP, the platform uses the leave-one-out method of cross validation. You can also choose not to use validation.
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In JMP Pro, you can choose KFold, Leave-One-Out, or random holdback cross validation, or you can specify a validation column. You can also choose not to use validation.
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Help created on 9/19/2017