Publication date: 08/13/2020

Repeated Measures

The form of the repeated measures model is yijk = αij + sik + eijk, where

αij can be written as a treatment and time factorial

sik is the random effect of the kth subject assigned to the ith treatment

j = 1,…,m denotes the repeated measurements over time.

Assume that the sik are independent and identically distributed N(0, σs2) variables. Denote the number of treatment factors by t and the number of subjects by s. Then the distribution of eijk is N(0, Σ), where

and

Denote the block diagonal component of the covariance matrix Σ corresponding to the ikth subject within treatment by Σik. In other words, Σik = Var(yik|sik). Because observations over time within a subject are not typically independent, it is necessary to estimate the variance of yijk|sik. Failure to account for the correlation leads to distorted inference.

See Repeated Covariance Structures and Spatial and Temporal Variability for more information about the covariance structures available for Σik.

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