Multivariate Methods > Structural Equation Models > Statistical Details for the Structural Equation Models Platform
Publication date: 08/13/2020

Statistical Details for the Structural Equation Models Platform

Statistical Details for Summary of Fit Measures

AICc and BIC

The formulas for AICc and BIC are as follows:

AICc =

BIC =

where:

-2logL is twice the negative log-likelihood.

n is the sample size.

k is the number of parameters.

For more information about the likelihood-based measures in the Model Comparisons report, see Likelihood, AICc, and BIC in Fitting Linear Models.

CFI

The comparative fit index (CFI) is calculated as follows:

CFI =

where:

is the chi-square statistic of the independence model.

df0 is the degrees of freedom of the independence model.

is the chi-square statistic of the fitted model.

dfmin is the degrees of freedom of the fitted model.

For more information about the CFI, see Bentler (1990).

TLI

The Tucker-Lewis index (TLI) is defined as follows:

TLI =

where:

is the chi-square statistic of the independence model.

df0 is the degrees of freedom of the independence model.

is the chi-square statistic of the fitted model.

dfmin is the degrees of freedom of the fitted model.

For more information, see West et al. (2012).

NFI

The Bentler-Bonett normed fit index (NFI) is defined as follows:

NFI =

where:

is the chi-square statistic of the independence model.

is the chi-square statistic of the fitted model.

For more information, see West et al. (2012).

Revised GFI and Revised AGFI

The revised goodness-of-fit index (Revised GFI) is defined as follows:

Revised GFI =

where:

is the chi-square statistic of the fitted model.

dfmin is the degrees of freedom of the fitted model.

p is number of observed variables in the fitted model.

n is the sample size.

The revised adjusted goodness-of-fit index (Revised AGFI) is defined as follows:

Revised AGFI =

where:

p* is the number of unique entries in the covariance matrix and the mean vector of the observed variables.

dfmin is the degrees of freedom of the fitted model.

For more information, see West et al. (2012).

RMSEA

The root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) is calculated as follows:

RMSEA =

where:

n is the sample size.

dfmin is the degrees of freedom of the fitted model.

is the chi-square statistic of the fitted model.

The confidence limits for RMSEA are computed using the cumulative distribution function of the noncentral chi-square distribution Φ(x|λ, d). The 90% confidence limits are computed as follows:

Lower limit =

Upper limit =

where:

λL satisfies Φ(|λL, dfmin) = 0.95.

λU satisfies Φ(|λU, dfmin) = 0.05.

For more information, see Maydeu-Olivares et al. (2017).

RMR and SRMR

The formulas for RMR and SRMR are as follows:

RMR =

SRMR =

where:

p is the number of manifest variables.

b is the number of unique entries in the covariance matrix and the mean vector of the observed variables:

sij is the (i, j)th element of the input covariance matrix.

is the (i, j)th element of the predicted covariance matrix.

is the ith element of the vector of sample means.

is the ith element of the vector predicted means.

For more information, see the CALIS Procedure chapter in SAS Institute Inc. (2018a).

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