Publication date: 04/12/2021

The Centering and Scaling options are selected by default. This means that predictors and responses are centered and scaled to have mean 0 and standard deviation 1. Centering the predictors and the responses places them on an equal footing relative to their variation. Without centering, both the variable’s mean and its variation around that mean are involved in constructing successive factors. To illustrate, suppose that Time and Temp are two of the predictors. Scaling them indicates that a change of one standard deviation in Time is approximately equivalent to a change of one standard deviation in Temp.

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