Publication date: 03/23/2021

A Limits Table contains a row for each process defined by the Process Variables and Grouping variables in your table of process data. When you use a Limits Table, the Limits Specifications window enables you to specify variables with the roles listed below. You do not need to specify variables for all of these roles. All of these roles are optional.

Figure 23.6 Limits Specifications Window

Columns in the Limits Table that have appropriate names or names that match the role buttons are auto-filled. For example, any column called “Process”, “Column”, or “Parameter” is auto-filled into the Process Variables list.

If you have control limits but do not have columns for Center or Sigma, then you can use the Derived Sigma options.

Process Variables

A column that contains values corresponding to the column names in your table of process data.

Grouping

One or more columns that contain the values of the grouping variables for your table of process data.

Center

A column containing values for the center line for each process. This is usually the historical process mean.

Sigma

A column containing values for the within standard deviation for each process. This is usually the historical standard deviation.

Derived Sigma

Calculates sigma based on the given control limits and subgroup size. The derived sigma is calculated as follows:

Sigma = d*(UCL - LCL)/6

where d is the square root of the subgroup size.

LCL

A column containing the lower control limits for each process.

UCL

A column containing the upper control limits for each process.

Subgroup Size

A column containing the subgroup size for each process.

LSL

A column containing lower specification limits for each process.

USL

A column containing upper specification limits for each process.

Target

A column containing a target value for each process.

Importance

A column containing an importance value for each process. The Importance column provides a mechanism to sort processes in the order that you prefer.

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