Publication date: 04/12/2021

Pearson Product-Moment Correlation

The Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient measures the strength of the linear relationship between two variables. For response variables X and Y, it is denoted as r and computed as follows:

Equation shown here

If there is an exact linear relationship between two variables, the correlation is 1 or –1, depending on whether the variables are positively or negatively related. If there is no linear relationship, the correlation tends toward zero.

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