Publication date: 04/12/2021

Image shown hereSequential Tests

This report shows sequential (type I) tests of the fixed effects. The report contains the sums of squares as effects are added to the model sequentially. The order of entry is defined by the order of effects as they appear in the Fit Model launch window’s Construct Model Effects list.

The sums of squares that form the basis for sequential tests are also called Type I Sums of Squares. They are computed by fitting models in steps following the specified entry order of effects. Consider a specific effect. Compute the model sum of squares for a model containing all effects entered prior to that effect. Then compute the model sum of squares for a model containing those effects and the specified effect. The sequential sum of squares for the specified effect is the increase in the model sum of squares.

Sequential tests are considered appropriate in the following situations:

balanced analysis of variance models specified in proper sequence (that is, two-way interactions follow main effects in the effects list, and so on)

purely nested models specified in the proper sequence

polynomial regression models specified in the proper sequence.

The Sequential (Type I) Tests report contains the following columns:


Lists the fixed effects in the model.


Shows the number of parameters associated with the effect. A continuous effect has one parameter. The number of parameters for a nominal or ordinal effect is one less than its number of levels. The number of parameters for a crossed effect is the product of the number of parameters for each individual effect.


Shows the numerator degrees of freedom for the effect test.


Shows the denominator degrees of freedom for the effect test (the degrees of freedom for error). DFDen is calculated using the Kenward-Roger first order approximation. See The Kackar-Harville Correction.

F Ratio

Gives the computed F ratio for testing that the effect is zero.

Prob > F

Gives the p-value for the effect test.

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