Publication date: 04/12/2021

After you select OK in the launch window, the Gradient-Boosted Trees Specification window appears.

Figure 6.7 Boosted Tree Specification Window

Number of Layers

The maximum number of layers to include in the final tree.

Splits per Tree

The number of splits for each layer.

Learning Rate

A number such that 0 < r ≤ 1. Learning rates close to 1 result in faster convergence on a final tree, but also have a higher tendency to overfit data. Use learning rates closer to 1 when a small Number of Layers is specified. The learning rate is a small fraction typically between 0.01 and 0.1 that slows the convergence of the model. This preserves opportunities for later layers to use different splits than the earlier layers.

Overfit Penalty

(Available only for categorical responses.) A biasing parameter that helps protect against fitting probabilities equal to zero.See Overfit Penalty.

Minimum Size Split

The minimum number of observations needed on a candidate split.

Multiple Fits over Splits and Learning Rate

If selected, creates a boosted tree for every combination of Splits per Tree (in integer increments) and Learning Rate (in 0.1 increments).

The lower bounds for the combinations are specified by the Splits per Tree and Learning Rate options. The upper bounds for the combinations are specified by the following options:

Max Splits per Tree

Upper bound for Splits per Tree.

Max Learning Rate

Lower bound for Learning Rate.

Use Tuning Design Table

Opens a window where you can select a data table containing values for some tuning parameters, called a tuning design table. A tuning design table has a column for each option that you want to specify and has one or multiple rows that each represent a single Boosted Tree model design. If an option is not specified in the tuning design table, the default value is used.

For each row in the table, JMP creates a Boosted Tree model using the tuning parameters specified. If more than one model is specified in the tuning design table, the Model Validation-Set Summaries report lists the R-Square value for each model. The Boosted Tree report shows the fit statistics for the model with the largest R-Square value.

You can create a tuning design table using the Design of Experiments facilities. A boosted tree tuning design table can contain the following case-insensitive columns in any order:

– Number of Layers

– Splits per Tree

– Learning Rate

– Minimum Size Split

– Row Sampling Rate

– Column Sampling Rate

Row Sampling Rate

Proportion of training rows to sample for each layer.

Note: When the response is categorical, the training rows are sampled using stratified random sampling.

Column Sampling Rate

Proportion of predictor columns to sample for each layer.

Suppress Multithreading

If selected, all calculations are performed on a single thread.

Random Seed

Specify a nonzero numeric random seed to reproduce the results for future launches of the platform. By default, the Random Seed is set to zero, which does not produce reproducible results. When you save the analysis to a script, the random seed that you enter is saved to the script.

Early Stopping

If selected, the boosting process stops fitting additional layers when the additional layers do not improve the validation statistic. If not selected, the boosting process continues until the specified number of layers is reached. This option appears only if validation is used.

Want more information? Have questions? Get answers in the JMP User Community (community.jmp.com).