Publication date: 11/29/2021

The following notation is used to define Stress:

• i, j - indexes for the number of objects

• dij - the derived distance between objects i and j

δij - the observed relative distance between objects i and j

• f(δrs) - transformation function for the distance

The Stress function is defined as follows:

Stress =

This measure of stress is also known as Kruskal’s Stress, Type I, or simply Stress1.

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