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Design of Experiments Guide > Prospective Sample Size and Power > Two Sample Means Calculator > Statistical Details for the Two Sample Means Calculator
Publication date: 11/10/2021

Statistical Details for the Two Sample Means Calculator

The two sample mean calculations are based on the traditional full versus reduced F test for the following hypothesis test:

Equation shown here

JMP calculates power as follows:

Equation shown here


α is the significance level.

n is the sample size per group.

p is the number of extra parameters.

δ is the difference to detect.

f1-α is the (1 - α)th quantile of the F(1, 2n - p - 2) distribution.

F(x, df1, df2, nc) is the cumulative distribution function of the non-central F distribution with degrees of freedom df1 and df2 and non-centrality parameter nc evaluated at x.

Because analytical solutions for δ and n do not exist, numerical solutions are used to solve for them.

For more information about calculations in JMP, see Barker (2011, Section 2.2).

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