The Partial Least Squares (PLS) platform fits linear models based on factors, namely, linear combinations of the explanatory variables (Xs). These factors are obtained in a way that attempts to maximize the covariance between the Xs and the response or responses (Ys). PLS exploits the correlations between the Xs and the Ys to reveal underlying latent structures.

Figure 5.1 A Portion of a Partial Least Squares Report