Publication date: 03/23/2021

Arrhenius Accelerated Failure LogNormal Model

In the data, units are stressed by heating, in order to make them fail soon enough to obtain enough failures to fit the distribution.

Note: The data in comes from Meeker and Escobar (1998, p. 493).

1. Select Help > Sample Data Library and open Reliability/

First, use the Bivariate platform to see a plot of hours by temperature using the log scale for time.

2. Select Analyze > Fit Y by X.

3. Select Hours and click Y, Response.

4. Select Temp and click X, Factor.

5. Click OK.

Figure 14.7 Bivariate Plot of Hours by Log Temp 

Bivariate Plot of Hours by Log Temp

Next, use the survival platform to produce a LogNormal plot of the data for each temperature.

6. Select Analyze > Reliability and Survival > Survival.

7. Select Hours and click Y, Time to Event.

8. Select Censor and click Censor.

9. Select Temp and click Grouping.

10. Select Weight and click Freq.

11. Click OK.

12. Click the red triangle next to Product-Limit Survival Fit and select LogNormal Plot and LogNormal Fit.

13. Click OK.

Figure 14.8 Lognormal Plot 

Lognormal Plot

Next, use the Fit Parametric Survival platform to fit one model using an effect for temperature.

14. Select Analyze > Reliability and Survival > Fit Parametric Survival.

15. Select Hours and click Time to Event.

16. Select x and click Add.

17. Select Censor and click Censor.

18. Select Weight and click Freq.

19. Change the Distribution type to Lognormal.

20. Click Run.

Figure 14.9 Devalt Parametric Output 

Devalt Parametric Output

The result shows the regression fit of the data:

If there is only one effect and it is continuous, then a plot of the survival as a function of the effect is shown. Lines are at 0.1, 0.5, and 0.9 survival probabilities.

If the effect column has a formula in terms of one other column, as in this case, the plot is done with respect to the inner column. In this case, the effect was the column x, but the plot is done with respect to Temp, of which x is a function.

Finally, get estimates of survival probabilities extrapolated to a temperature of 10 degrees Celsius for the times 30000 and 10000 hours.

21. Click the Parametric Survival Fit red triangle and select Estimate Survival Probability.

22. Enter the values shown in Figure 14.10 into the Dialog to Estimate Survival.

The Arrhenius transformation of 10 degrees is 40.9853, the effect value.

Figure 14.10 Estimating Survival Probabilities 

Estimating Survival Probabilities

23. Click Go.

Figure 14.11 Survival Probabilities 

Survival Probabilities

The Estimates of Survival report shows the estimates and a confidence interval.

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