Publication date: 05/24/2021

Histograms

Histograms visually display your data. For categorical (nominal or ordinal) variables, the histogram shows a bar for each level of the ordinal or nominal variable. For continuous variables, the histogram shows a bar for grouped values of the continuous variable.

Highlighting data

Click a histogram bar or an outlying point in the graph. The corresponding rows are highlighted in the data table, and corresponding sections of other histograms are also highlighted, if applicable. See Highlight Bars and Select Rows.

Creating a subset

Double-click a histogram bar, or right-click a histogram bar and select Subset. A new data table that contains only the selected data is created.

Resizing the entire histogram

Hover over the histogram borders until you see a double-sided arrow. Then click and drag the borders.

Rescaling the axis

Click and drag on an axis to rescale it.

Alternatively, hover over the axis until you see a hand. Then, double-click the axis and set the parameters in the Axis Settings window.

Resizing histogram bars

(Available only for continuous variables.) There are multiple options to resize histogram bars. See Resize Histogram Bars for Continuous Variables.

Specifying your selection

Specify the data that you select in multiple histograms. See Specify Your Selection in Multiple Histograms.

To see additional options for the histogram or the associated data table:

Right-click a histogram. See Using JMP.

Right-click an axis. You can add a label or modify the axis. See Customize Axes and Axis Labels in Graphs and Add and Remove Axis Labels in Using JMP.

Click the red triangle next to the variable, and select Histogram Options. Options are slightly different depending on the variable modeling type. See Options for Categorical Variables or Options for Continuous Variables.

Resize Histogram Bars for Continuous Variables

Resize histogram bars for continuous variables by using the following:

the Grabber (hand) tool

the Set Bin Width option

the Increment option

Use the Grabber Tool

The Grabber (hand) tool is a quick way to explore your data.

1. Select Tools > Grabber.

2. Place the grabber tool anywhere in the histogram.

3. Click and drag the histogram bars.

Recall that histograms are based on binning the data. The height of each histogram bar is proportional to the number of observations that fall within the bin represented by the bar. For histograms in the default vertical orientation:

Moving the hand to the left increases the bin width, which decreases the number of bins. The number of bars decreases as the bin width increases.

Moving the hand to the right decreases the bin width, which increases the number of bins. The number of bars increases as the bin width decreases.

Moving the hand up or down shifts the starting value for each bin, which shifts the data points that fall within each bin.

Note: If you have changed the histogram orientation to horizontal, reverse these directions. Move the hand down to increase bin width, up to decrease bin width, and left or right to shift bin starting values.

Use the Set Bin Width Option

The Set Bin Width option is a more precise way to set the width for all bars in a histogram. To use the Set Bin Width option, from the red triangle menu for the variable, select Histogram Options > Set Bin Width. Change the bin width value.

Use the Increment Option

The Increment option is another precise way to set the bar width. To use the Increment option, double-click the axis, and change the Increment value.

Highlight Bars and Select Rows

Clicking on a histogram bar highlights the bar and selects the corresponding rows in the data table. The appropriate portions of all other graphical displays also highlight the selection. Figure 3.6 shows the results of highlighting a bar in the height histogram. The corresponding rows are selected in the data table.

Tip: To deselect specific histogram bars, press Ctrl and click the highlighted bars.

Figure 3.6 Highlighting Bars and Rows 

Highlighting Bars and Rows

Specify Your Selection in Multiple Histograms

Extend or narrow your selection in histograms:

To extend your selection, hold down the Shift key and select another bar. This is the equivalent of using an or operator.

To narrow your selection, hold down the Ctrl and Alt keys (Windows) or Command and Option keys (macOS) and select another bar. This is the equivalent of using an and operator.

For an example, see Example of Selecting Data in Multiple Histograms.

Want more information? Have questions? Get answers in the JMP User Community (community.jmp.com).